文都考研半年集训营
免费咨询电话

北京外国语大学2015年翻译硕士真题

2018-01-24 16:57 | 考研集训营

本期考研集训营小编整理了北京外国语大学2015年翻译硕士真题及答案解析。国内目前开设MTI的院校有一百多所,有报考该校翻译硕士的学生可以收藏查看。找真题真的很费时费了,我也深有体会。所以报考翻译硕士的同学在最后的强化提高阶段,更应该珍惜小编整理的这些翻译硕士真题及答案解析资料,充分利用,明确自己能力的差距。

北京外国语大学2015年翻译硕士真题

I. Translate the following terms into Chinese (15 points, 1 point each)

1、Bogor Goals茂物目标

2、FTAAP亚太自由贸易协定

3、zero-sum game零和博弈

4、ALS自动着陆系统(Automatic Landing System)

5、NASA美国国家航空航天局(National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

6、genomic variation基因组变异

7、ozone depletion臭氧枯竭

8、sinology汉学

9、bitcoin比特币

10、UNCED联合国环境与发展会议(United Nations Conference on Environment and Development)

11、Paparazzo狗仔队

12、amino acid氨基酸

13、Digital divide数字鸿沟

14、Existentialism存在主义

15、Silver-spoon kids富二代

II. Translate the following terms into English

1) 十八届四中全会the Fourth Plenary Session of the 18 th Central Committee

2) 亚太经合组织APEC(Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation)

3) 互联互通Interconnection

4) 量化宽松政策quantitative easing policy

5) 公使衔参赞minister-counselor ;counsellor with the rank of minister

6) 埃博拉病毒Ebola virus

7) 自闭症autism

8) 防空识别区air defense identification zone

9) 负面清单Negative List

10) 房产税Housing property tax

11) 专利技术patented technology

12) 和而不同harmony in diversity

13) 地沟油illegal cooking oil;swill-cooked dirty oil

14) 真人秀reality show

15) 逆袭counter attack

III. Translate the following passages into Chinese (60 points):

The 1992 Rio conference was a high watermark for environmental law. Despite all the many accomplishments since then, we must now acknowledge that Rio has not fulfilled the promises with which the world invested it. After 50 years of diligent and sophisticated work by environmental lawyers on legislation, regulation, principles, treaties, and judicial decisions, how is it that hte “actual landscape” of the world’s resources is still “slipping two steps backward for each forward stride”?

Part of the explanation for that disappointing result can be found in the statements issued by a distinguished international collections of prosecutors, judges, and legal scholars at the Rio+20-related World Congress on Justice, Governance, and Law for Environmental Sustainability. They focused almost exclusively on matters of substantive doctrine and legal procedure. Recommitment to enhancing “law” in this narrow sense-a body of formal rules and principles and the judicial and prosecutorial mechanisms for their application and enforcement-certainly has great value, and that work should go forward vigorously. But the ongoing ecological deterioration is traceable in large part to pervasive social and political attitudes favoring a growth-based model of economic “development” that steadily intensifies human appropriation of planetary resources.

To address the root of the problem, it will be argued there, environmental law needs a more expansive society-based conception of “law”, one that activates law as a social institution engaged broadly with the habits and customs, the expectations and aspirations, of people and organizations in their daily lives. Environmental lawyers, then, need a fresh and bold reimagination of their mission, to hone and use their persuasive and analytical skills in creative ways to later the social dynamic underlying environmental change and to foment a deep commitment to effective stewardship of resources.

参考译文:

1992 年的里约会议为环境法树立了里程碑意义的高标准。虽然自此以来取得了许多成就,但我们必须承认,里约未能实现世人所瞩目的承诺。50 多年来,环境律师在复杂的立法、监管、法则、条约和司法裁决等方面勤勉工作,那为什么世界环境资源的真实图景却依旧是“前进一步,退后两步”呢?

对于结果不如人意的原因,一批国际知名的检察官、法官和法律学者在里约 20+的“评估司法、治理与法律在实现环境可持续性中作用的世界代表大会”上发表了一份声明,从中可窥见一斑。他们几乎只聚焦于实质性原理和法律程序等事项。当然,在狭义上重新致力于改善法律的适用与执行(正式规定和原则以及司法和诉讼机制)有着重大的意义,这一工作也应该大力推进。但是,当前的生态恶化主要是由当下流行的社会和政治态度导致的,即倾向于增长型经济发展模式,从而逐渐加剧了人类对地球资源的占用。

为了从根源解决这一问题,本文认为,环境法需要在从更广泛的社会角度看待“法律”,发挥法律作为社会制度的作用,广泛地应对日常生活中人们和机构的习惯、风俗、预期和愿望。因此,环境律师也需要大胆新颖地重新思考其使命,以创新的方式提高并利用其说服力和分析技能,改变影响环境变化的社会动力,为有效管理资源做成更大贡献。

IV. Translate the following passages into English (60 points):

《中庸》里面说:“好学近乎知,力行近乎仁,知耻近乎勇。”这里所说的“知 耻近乎勇”中的“耻”其实是人之为人的一个文明指标。人类文明的表现之一是 要有羞耻心,也可以叫“羞恶之心”。孟子讲:“无恻隐之心,非人也;无羞恶之 心,非人也;无辞让之心,非人也;无是非之心,非人也。”

恻隐之心,就是不忍,就是“恕”,就是“己所不欲勿施于人”。辞让之心, 就是文明礼貌;是非之心,就是社会的公平正义。而羞恶之心,就是“知耻”。 孟子说这四个方面是人的“四端”,即做人的开始。没有这起码的四点,就不是 “人”了,孟子称之为“非人”。

孟子讲的“四端”在今天的意义,不需要多讲。当今社会,人和人之间的同 情心都成了稀罕物了。见死不救仅仅是怕法律误判吗?我看主要是缺少“是非之 心”,缺少正义感,缺少同情心,缺少悲悯之心。所以,如果讲当代社会大家共 同的价值,我觉得应该是礼义廉耻。这四个字源自中国文化最基本的价值,应该 成为今天全社会共认的价值。(刘梦溪)

参考译文:

The Doctrine of the Mean has it, “Fond of learning is close to knowledge, vigorously practicing goodness is close to magnanimity and feeling shame is close to bravery.” The “shame” in it actually is an indicator of civility of an individual. Moral sense or the sense of shame is one of the manifestations of human civilization. Mencius once put it that “those without the sense of compassion, shame, modesty and right and wrong are inhumane.”

The sense of compassion refers to sympathy and forgiveness. It is “not doing to others what you would not like them to do to you”; the sense of modesty is courtesy; the sense of right and wrong upholds social equality and justice; and the sense of shame is shame consciousness. The four senses are what Mencius called “Four Origins”, namely the origins of being mankind, without which one can hardly be deemed as humans and falls into what he condemned as inhumane.

The significance of the “Four Origins” today needs no more elaboration. In today’s society, even compassion between people is rare. Is leaving someone in the lurch simply for fear of legal misjudgment? Personally speaking, the major cause is a lack of the sense of right and wrong, justice and empathy. If certain common values are commonly acknowledged in modern, era, I think they should be propriety, righteousness, honesty and honor. They are rooted in the most fundamental values of Chinese culture and should be shared by the entire society.

推荐阅读:

历年翻译硕士真题及答案解析

2019考研翻译硕士MTI语法精讲总结

                    原文网址:http://www.kyjxy.com/zhuanshuo/zhenti/59784.html
(责任编辑:无梦 )
文都教育简介| 联系我们 | 版权声明| 支付方式| 友情链接| 网站导航| 百度地图| 音乐

Copyright copy;2001-2018 WENDU Corporation All Rights Reserved. 世纪文都教育科技集团股份有限公司 版权所有
全国统一报名专线:400-0999-680 京ICP备05001816号-29
考研集训营为广大考研学子提供最新 2019研究生招生简章2019考研报名时间2019考研现场确认时间考研复习大纲 等资讯
考研集训营—中国考研培训辅导领先品牌

京公网安备 11010802020012号