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2019考研翻译硕士阅读材料:无子女者有何错(3)

2018-04-17 17:28 | 考研集训营

翻译硕士阅读理解要求,考生能读懂常见外刊上的文章、历史传记及文学作品等文章既能理解其主旨和大意,又能理解文章中的事实与细节,并明确理解观点和隐含意义。因此考研集训营小编整理了一些英语阅读材料,(ps:部分摘自《经济学人》)作为翻译硕士阅读材料,从而拓宽各位考生的阅读面。

2019考研翻译硕士阅读材料:无子女者有何错

The fact that so many senior politicians lack offspring ought to put to rest [平息;摒除]the notion that they do not care for society. Five of the G7 countries are led by childless men and women. Mr. Macron, Mrs.May, Mrs. Merkel, Shinzo Abe [安倍晋三] and Paolo Gentiloni [意大利过渡政府总理保罗·真蒂洛尼] have their faults, but they are not notably less able than Justin Trudeau [加拿大总理贾斯廷·特鲁多] (who has three children) let alone Donald Trump (who has five). Their opportunities for nepotism [裙带关系;任人唯亲] are limited. And they spare their countries the spectacle of dynastic [朝代的] politics, which can lead to mediocrity [平庸]. The BJP in India has a brighter future because Narendra Modi is childless; for proof, look at what has happened to the Congress party.

资深政客没有孩子的事实,应该可以平息那种无子女者不关心社会的观点。7国集团中的五个国家由无子女者领导:马克龙、特蕾莎梅,默克尔,安倍和真蒂洛尼。他们的能力不比三个孩子的贾斯廷·特鲁多和五个孩子的特朗普差。他们不太有机会搞任人唯亲,他们的国人也看不到王朝政治的景象——王朝政治可能使国家沦为平庸。印度人民党有一个更光明的未来,因为印度总理纳伦德拉·莫迪是没有子女的;想要证据,看看国大党发生了什么。

No kidding

The charge that childless people fail to pull their weight[完成自己的工作]demographically is correct, but is less damning [确凿的]than it appears. Those who do not have children do put pressure on public pension systems. Faced with a deteriorating[恶化的]ratio of workers to pensioners, governments have to do unpopular things like making pensions less generous,as Japan has done, or accepting more immigrants, as some Western countries have done.

不开玩笑(双关,没有孩子+不是开玩笑的)

你可以指责无孩一族在贡献人口方面没有完成自己的工作,但不止表面那么简单。他们确实为公共养老金制度增加了压力。面对日益恶化的工作人口与养老金领取者比例,政府不得不做一些不受欢迎的事情,比如像日本那样,缩减养老金;像西方那样,接纳更多的移民。

推荐阅读:

2019考研翻译硕士阅读材料汇总

2018翻译硕士考研新闻热词必备汇总

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